The Federal Rules That Provide A Security Framework For Online Learning Providers.
Which Federal Laws Provide Guidnce For Designing Online Learning Experiences
Whether it’s creating a virtual reality classroom or publishing videos for third-party portals to use, the federal government has a myriad of laws on the books that can determine what you’re allowed to do with an online course.
Open Law School Fellows lays down a nice overview of seven federal education laws that have been upheld recently, many of which actually provide sound guidance to online educational institutions. The following two laws were both upheld because they can provide flexibility for short courses, having a limited duration of 21 days or less. They can also apply to a wide range of situations, ranging from legal misconduct to military training. You can read the full explanations on the Open Law School website.
Law Revision Act
The law, which was passed in 1949, applies to all trades, colleges, and universities. The current version of the law deals with instructional delivery and standards for standardized programs.
Schools are required to offer a college accredited by an independent accrediting organization. The individual institutions are prohibited from imposing any programs that require seniors to produce a minimum grade or meet specific bar or minimums or standards. Also, all accredited schools must comply with acceptable baccalaureate credentials for educational support, credit equivalency and credit transfer or transferability. The standards apply to a range of programs.
Clinical professionals (primary care physicians, nurse practitioners and dentists) and all faculty in the course face a tenured or tenured-and-tenured status if they have more than three years of undergraduate degree from an accredited institution of higher education.
The qualified personnel certify graduates’ educational attainment and credential to determine the quality of experience, knowledge and competency needed in their positions. The doctorate or master’s degree status for academic professionals is not needed for these certification processes.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The federal law was enacted in 1968, and it is designed to address educational disparities affecting different groups of people, including women, minorities, native Americans, and veterans. It also prohibits racial discrimination in education and discrimination based on sex in employing, counseling and compensating students and other individuals.
The law further protects students to ensure that equal access to public education services is available to all children. In addition, students and others in the educational supply industry must not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, age, national origin, sex, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability.
Defense of Marriage Act
The Defense of Marriage Act was a bill signed into law in 1996. It is designed to prohibit federal benefits from being provided to married same-sex couples living in states that do not recognize their marriages.
What the law does not protect is the federal estate tax relief for married couples based on a federal law that came into force in 2009. The law provides special tax relief that allows a surviving spouse to transfer an estate tax exemption of $5.25 million to a non-spouse in the event of a death within the marriage, and in each subsequent year of the marriage. However, this was not mentioned in the list of prohibited discrimination in Section 3 of the law.
Journalism Education Administration Act of 2011
This law is designated for education administration and is intended to protect the independence of journalism education by requiring the directors of the approved two-year training programs at the accredited journalism schools to create an institution and obtain the required regulatory license by exercising effective corporate control over it. The college must also agree to submit each year to the U.S. Department of Education an annual report to notify the administration that compliance has been made.
In addition, the Department of Education must have a copy of each reporting program and the operations and financial results of the college each year. The federally appointed independent monitors will be obligated to inspect the college in coordination with the application of the law.
The National Institute for the Periodical and Newspapers’ Reporters Education Fund Law Act
Newspapers are regulated in the Newspaper and Periodical Education Act (NIPRA) of 1961. The law includes many requirements related to national guidelines for the protection of privacy of student victims and American news sources as well as the promotion of journalism education and training.
So, there you have it, federal rules and regulations for designating any educational online programs. Check out the Open Law School for more information.