Knowing how to read online content correctly can help you connect with it and can help your learner with his or her self-learning or future learning.
When Graphics Improve Liking But Not Learning From Online Lessons
This is an excerpt from Ethel Speight’s weekend and Weekends, where she highlights some of the best content and stories from the world of MLK Month
1944: Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur’s black comedy, The Front Page, was written to highlight the long-awaited importance of the bill hanging over black people’s heads after state boycotts and organized resistance to Jim Crow. “If you must see a piece of propaganda, don’t see it in a movie—see it in a newspaper.”
1944: Much has changed in the 77 years since, but I am still struck by its message: white society is no longer willing to practice cooperation with black people because it is easier to see them in ways that threaten a white belief system.
1950: Thurgood Marshall dissented in his motion to enforce the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education ruling. The same year, he applied the ruling for the very first time. (In a second case, Browder vs. Jackson, he cited it for the very first time.)
1952: In the summer of 1954, finally seated in a classroom, nine students were removed from Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, because they were African American.
1955: Against the backdrop of The Godfather, The Godfather Part II teaches The Sopranos how to control the information and manipulate the public.
1957: While school segregation continues, Tinker vs. Des Moines County School District teaches James Meredith, the first Black student to attend Mississippi’s University of Mississippi, the value of open defiance.
1962: James Farmer was suspended and fired by the farm labor movement when he worked to persuade a Tennessee tobacco company to adopt fair hiring practices.
1963: Rosa Parks tried to get off a bus because she was refused access. The police removed her. It took four years for the Montgomery Bus Boycott to become a mass movement.
1963: Fifty years ago, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was burned in jail. It took twenty-five years and the drafting of The March on Washington for America’s first billion dollar civil rights act to see the Sixteenth Amendment finally made law.
1968: In Watts, Rodney King was savagely beaten while riding in a car. The videotape of this beating went viral, and riots followed.
1968: Obama-Clinton Free Agent Television Show incorporates phonetically spelled urban street lingo.
1969: Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated. Until this day, no sentence can be written about the civil rights leader without the keywords “prophetic” or “transformative.”
1970: Martin Luther King’s birthday is pushed back by seven days to January 15.
1971: The 1968 speech in My Last Conversation with Dr. King, in which he explicitly spoke of having talked his last personal words, was written and published in 1976.
1972: The Office of Fair Housing (now called the Department of Housing and Urban Development) issued regulations making fair housing a federal policy goal.
1977: The Ford Foundation funded the study of Howard Baker as a candidate for vice president. (He had also run for president.)
1985: In a battle with the South African apartheid system, Nelson Mandela (who had been imprisoned in the country since 1964) was granted freedom by President Ronald Reagan.
1991: The first Consumer Reports survey was conducted on the nutritional values of school lunches. The study revealed that 69 percent of Americans eating school lunches are hungry after three meals a day.
1993: The United Nations came out in support of the Apartheid era Natives Service Program.
1993: Mack, the year-old American dog, has never been seen since a Pennsylvania newspaper photographed him and reported on its front page in 1995. (Fortunately, he is alive and well.)
1994: In the Heart of Dallas shooting in 1995, one of the shooters is Quanell X. He is a writer, community activist, and former Black Panther.
1996: Nicole Brown Simpson is abducted while driving with her children on the night of April 17, 1995. Because Nicole’s facial features do not conform to those of normal women, the Secret Service names her “Tampering with a Flight to Avoid Arrest; Risk to Public Safety; Unauthorized Person in Charge of Firearm.”